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WIKIPEDIA ASSIGN

Page history last edited by nate 12 years, 4 months ago

1. Consequentialism - According to wiki, it is the class of normative ethical theories holding that the consequences of one's conduct are the ultimate basis for any judgment about the rightness of that conduct. For me, you base what is wrong and right from the consequences of your actions, which means if you did something that results to bad, it is bad and if the consequences are good, it means it is good.

 

2. Contractaranism - According to wiki, it is an intellectual device intended to explain the appropriate relationship between individuals and their governments. For me, an action is right or wrong based on the rules and regulations made by the government.

 

3. Culture critic - According to wiki, it is a critic of a given culture, usually as a whole and typically on a radical basis. For me, it is how someone express their judgement on a given culture.

 

4. Deontological Ethics - According to wiki, it is the normative ethical position that judges the morality of an action based on the action's adherence to a rule or rules. For me, you are right or you did good if you obey the rules or if you do your duties and obligations.

 

5. Discourse Ethics - According to wiki, it refers to a type of argument that attempts to establish normative or ethical truths by examining the presuppositions of discourse. For me, actions are determined good after evaluating the action and studying the arguments regarding the action.

 

6. Divine command - According to wiki, it is the meta-ethical view about the semantics or meaning of ethical sentences, which claims that ethical sentences express propositions, some of which are true, about the attitudes of God. For me, you will know if something is right or wrong base on the attitude of God, if He is kind, loving and good and if He hates sin, then we should be also kind, loving and good and not do sin.

 

7. Egoism - According to wiki, it is the normative ethical position that moral agents ought to do what is in their own self-interest. For me, you base your actions if that action will do good to yourself. Yourself is your priority and you value yourself because you are important as long as your actions will not be harmful to others.

 

8. Hedonism - According to wiki, it is a school of thought which argues that pleasure is the only intrinsic good. For me, your action is good if it brings pleasure to you and happiness and not bring pain.

 

9. Naturalism - According to wiki, is any of several philosophical stances wherein all phenomena or hypotheses, commonly labeled as supernatural, are either false or not inherently different from natural phenomena or hypotheses. For me, there is no such thing as supernatural, there is a natural reason in everything.

 

10. Particularism - According to wiki, it is the view that there are no moral principles and that moral judgement can be found only as one decides particular cases, either real or imagined. For me, you base what is right or wrong base on a particular case.

 

11. Perfectionism - According to wiki, it is the persistence of will in obtaining the optimal quality of spiritual, mental, physical, and material being. For me, it is the perseverance of a person or consistency in doing the best possible or ultimate state of living.

 

12. Pragmatism - According to wiki, it is a philosophical tradition centered on the linking of practice and theory. For me, it is based on your observation and theory, then you practice what you learned that becomes tradition.

 

13. Rationalism - According to wiki, in more technical terms, it is a method or a theory "in which the criterion of the truth is not sensory but intellectual and deductive". For me, your actions are based on reasons.

 

14. Relativism - According to wiki, it is the concept that points of view have no absolute truth or validity, having only relative, subjective value according to differences in perception and consideration. For me, it means that there is no absolute truth because it is always based on the thinking of a person or the way of living in that certain area or what are their beliefs or culture that makes a certain action good or bad.

 

15. Subjectivism - According to wiki, Ethical subjectivism is the meta-ethical belief that ethical sentences reduce to factual statements about the attitudes and/or conventions of individual people, or that any ethical sentence implies an attitude held by someone. For me, you base your actions on something that cannot be seen like attitude or idea of a person.

 

16. Virtue ethics - According to wiki, it describes the character of a moral agent as a driving force for ethical behavior. For me, your actions are based on your character or attitude, for example, someone's sense of justice.

 

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